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Archive for the ‘Sumerian Names’ Category

Minussa

Sumer was one of the world’s first civilizations.

It was the Sumerians who first invented writing.

In July, I featured a series of articles on Sumerian names and words which might make interesting, contemporary names.

I still had, however, a collection of Sumerian words which deserved a spotlight.

And here they are:

Adamen – argument, fight

Agarin – a flat area; father, mother, womb

Amah – flood, bursting of a dam

Anbir – noon, midday

Anki – universe

Biluda – worship

Dagrim – fields, precinct

Didila – very small, young

Enkara – weapon

Erish – queen, lady

Eshkar – daily task

Garadin, Karadin – pile of sheaves, shock

Garash – decision, oracle, military camp, catastrophe, straw, supply-master

Garza – customs, rights, duties

Gashan – lady

Gazimbi – pole, stake

Gidri – staff, sceptre

Gilninda – measuring reed

Girin – pure, spotless

Gishimmar – date palm

Gishkim – omen, sign

Gitlam – lover, husband, spouse

Gizzal – intelligence

Harran – road

Hashur – cypress

Hazi – axe

Hedu – decoration

Henbur – reed shoots, stalks

Hili – beautiful

Hilimaz – beauty

Hirin – spikenard shoots

Hulla — ‘very happy’, ‘joyful’

Hurin – eagle

Kirashi – emmer wheat used for making beer

Kishar – horizon

Kisher – enclosure

Kizurra – sharp edge

Malah – sailor, captain

Mashda – gazelle; commoner

Mashdaria, Mashdara – offering

Maur – ravine, gorge

Mendalla – beaming crown

Mesharra, Meshara – all the oaths, duties

Mezem – support, maintenance

Minesh – a calendar month

Minussa – bride

Munzur – bitter plants

Musarra – inscription of the king

Mushen – bird

Namazu – medical arts

Namkuzu – wisdom, cleverness

Namluh – purification

Namshita – prayer

Namtar – fate, destiny

Namtilla – life

Narua – dedicatory stone

Nigba – present, gift

Niggina – truth, justice

Nigmah – a lot, too much

Ninda – bread

Nirgal – noble

Nuesh – knife bearer

Nurma – pomegranate tree

Penzer – hearth-tender/leather-worker

Sagar – advisor, counsellor

Saghaza – to attach securely

Sagma – bow of a boat

Sagmi – slave-girl

Shabra, Shapra – temple administrator

Shanesha – supplications

Shemush – bitter grain

Shenbar – wild boar

Shenshen – combat, strife

Sheriga – gleaming grain

Shesa – roasted barley

Shezilzilla – to dehusk barley

Shimim – aromatic substance

Shimsusa – perfume

Shuhalla – open hand

Shuhaza – to hold in the hand

Shuri – one half

Shusi – finger

Simush – shining horns

Tabira – metal-worker

Temen – foundation

Tibira – merchant, tradesman, metal-worker

Tilhar – cloud

Tilmun – distinguished

Tukumbi – please; certainly

Uanna – light of the heavens

Uli – herbs

Ulushin – emmer beer

Urash – earth, secret

Urbarra – wolf

Urda – to be mindful, to care

Urmah – lion

Urtur – pet dog, puppy

Ushar – companion

Ushera – reed bundle

Usun – wild cow

Uten, Utena – morning, daylight

Utur, Uturra – early in the day

Zibin – chrysalis

Zidmilla – coarse flour

Zigan – rudder, oar

Zimah – legitimate, lofty

Ziz – moth, emmer

Ziza – calendar month

Zua – acquaintance

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Izi - fire

Many of us Pagan, New Age, and Independent Thinker folk believe that the universe is far more inter-connected than is generally accepted. Thus, when we encounter two things that look alike, many of us think that there is something joining them on a spiritual or ‘vibrational’ level.

Even those who would disagree, and call such similarities pure coincidence, still find it interesting to learn that a word or name familiar from one language has a completely different meaning in another — sometimes beautiful, sometimes not so…

And so, today’s collection of Sumerian features words which resemble established names:

Abgal  —  ‘sage’, ‘wise man’, ‘wizard’ < abba ‘elder’ + gal ‘great’

Ada  — ‘father’, ‘shout’, ‘song’

Adda — ‘carcass’, ‘corpse’, ‘skeleton’

Agar – ‘field’, ‘commons'; ‘heavy rain'; ‘lead'; ‘embrace’

Al, Alan — ‘image’, ‘statue’, ‘figure’, ‘appearance’

Allan —  oak tree < Akkadian allaanum ‘oak’

Ama —  ‘mother’, ‘wild ox’, ‘cow’

Ambar — ‘marsh'; ‘reeds’, ‘canebrake’

Anna  — ‘tin’, ‘yes’

Ara – ‘praise’, ‘glory’, ‘to shine’, ‘to blaze'; ‘bright’, ‘clear’, ‘polished'; ‘way’, ‘road'; ‘times’

Aria — ‘district’, ‘desert’, ‘waste’

Asa — ‘myrtle’, ‘cage’, ‘fetter’, ‘bear’

Ash — ‘what one needs’

Asha — ‘field'; ‘area’

Ashera — ‘lamentation’

Babbar — ‘bright’, ‘white’, ‘the rising sun’

Barbarra — ‘flames’

Dana — ‘road-length measure’

Dara  — ‘belt’, ‘sash'; ‘dark’, ‘dim’, ‘high’

Daria — ‘driven (animal)’

Didi – ‘young’, ‘small'; ‘to play an instrument’

Ebla — ‘watery type of beer'; ‘light beer’

Eden, Edin — ‘steppe’, ‘plain’, ‘grazing land between the two long rivers’, ‘back’, ‘spine’ (NB — this could well be the source of the biblical Eden)

Emma, Imma — variant of enmen ‘thirst’ < en ‘time’ + mun ‘salt’

Erin, Eren — ‘man’, ‘servant’, ‘soldier’, ‘troops’, ‘army’, ‘gang of workers’, ‘people’, ‘folk'; ‘enemy’, ‘destruction'; ‘cedar'; ‘balance scale’

Gaz – ‘powder’, ‘break’, ‘fracture’, ‘war’

Gianna – ‘at night’

Gil, Gili, Gilim — ‘reed bundle'; ‘dancer'; ‘bride crown’

Gina, Gena, Ginna, Genna – ‘constant’, ‘regular’, ‘small'; ‘the planet Saturn'; ‘consent’

Hala — ‘share’, ‘lot’

Halba – ‘frost’, ‘freezing’

Ida — ‘river’, ‘main canal’, ‘water course’

Inda — ‘flower'; ‘bushel'; ‘pure-bred breeding bull'; ‘ancestors'; ‘fish-roe'; ‘funnel’, ‘hopper of the seed plough’

Izi – ‘waves'; ‘fire’

Izzi — ‘house wall'; ‘fire'; ‘current’, ‘flood’

Kal, Kala — ‘strong’, ‘swift'; ‘to repair’, ‘mend’

Kara — ‘to encircle’, ‘besiege’, ‘accuse’, ‘shine’, ‘be bright’

Kim — ‘willow-tree’

Kushla – ‘leather-cord’

Lal —  ‘honey’, ‘date-syrup'; ‘light’, ‘deficient’, ‘to be high’, ‘to diminish’

Lala — ‘joy’, ‘appeal’, ‘charms’, ‘abundance’, ‘vigor’

Lil — ‘wind’, ‘breath’, ‘spirit’, ‘infection’

Lilla — ‘spirt of a place’

Lillan — ‘stalk with ripe ear of grain’

Lusua — ‘friend'; ‘acquaintance’

Madala – a thick bundle of reeds used to build a raft

Meli — ‘voice’, ‘throat’

Mia — ‘how?’ The similar Mea means ‘where?’

Mina, Mana — ‘partner’, ‘companion’, ‘equal’, ‘two’

Miu – ‘ewe lamb’

Musa — ‘to name’, ‘to give as a name’

Nia — ‘by itself’

Nila – ‘to inspire awe’, ‘to raise oneself’ < ‘self’ + íla ‘raise'; ‘to diminish/humiliate oneself’ < ‘self’ + ‘diminish’

Nissa, Nisi — ‘greens’, ‘vegetables’

Nita – ‘male’, ‘manly’

Nura — ‘not stamped with a seal’

Nusa — ‘not good’

Sal – ‘uterus’, ‘vulva’

Sali — a type of lyre

Sam  — ‘equivalent (barter) purchase’, ‘sale price’, ‘merchandise’

Samana — ‘skin disease'; a grain disease, such as rust

Santana – ‘herbalist’, ‘horticulturist’, ‘date’, ‘orchard’, ‘administrator’ — also Shandana and Shandan.

Shada — ‘voluntarily’

Shala – ‘to engorge’, ‘to stuff’

Shakir, Shakira — ‘butter tub’, ‘churn’, ‘churning’, ‘pitcher'; ‘henbane’

Sharan, Sharin — ‘tick’, ‘bedbug’

Sharra, Shara  — ‘numerous'; ‘to dry up’, ‘to wither’

Sheba — barley rations distributed by the administration of the temple/palace; ‘to be careless/negligent’

Sheli — ‘pine/juniper seeds’

Shem — ‘herb’, ‘aromatic wood’, ‘resin’, ‘spice’, ‘fragrance’, ‘perfume’, ‘fragrant'; ‘tambourine’

Shena — ‘swallow’

Sher — ‘to shine brightly'; ‘shine’, ‘light’, ‘glimmer'; ‘decision’

Shula — ‘entrusted’ <  šu ‘hands’ + ‘hold’ + nominative; ‘paralyzed’, ‘idle’ < šu ‘hands’ + ‘to bind’, ‘diminish’

Shuluh — ‘ritual cleansing’, ‘purification ritual’

Shuna — ‘pestle’

Shushana — ‘one third (part)’

Sim — ‘kettledrum’

Sisi — ‘horse’

Sumur — ‘fierceness’

Sun — ‘wildcow’, ‘beerwort'; ‘modesty'; ‘quarrel’, ‘discord’

Sura — ‘far-reaching’

Suzi — ‘terror’

Tam — ‘polished’, ‘shiny’, ‘reflective’, ‘pure’, ‘reliable’

Tin — ‘life’, ‘wine’

Tina — ‘strongly’

Tutu — ‘incantations’

Uma, Una — ‘victory’, ‘triumph’

Uri, Urin — ‘eagle’, ‘standard’, ‘emblem’, ‘banner'; ‘blood’

Uria — ‘in those (far remote) days’

Ursa — ‘to be/make comfortable/happy’.

Zana — ‘caterpillar’

Zara — ‘to spin’, ‘twine’, ‘to roll up'; ‘pole’, ‘shaft of chariots’, etc

Zena — ‘palm-frond’

Zizi – ‘subtraction'; ‘to rebel’

See also:

Sumerian Names — Part 1

Sumerian Names — Part 2

Sumerian Names — Part 3

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Ninna

Some of my very first blog posts here at Nook of Names featured genuine Sumerian names, used by real people at the dawn of Civilization.

Unfortunately, the fact that Sumerian names tended to be made up of a number of elements — sometimes consisting of whole sentences — means that most Sumerian names are simply just too unwieldy to have any serious consideration as real names today.

But there are still many Sumerian words which would make wonderful, unusual — and contemporary — names.

And they are considerably more user-friendly than the originals!

So if the thought of using a word from the world’s first recorded language appeals, take a look at these:

Adea — ‘yearly spring flood’ < a ‘water’ + ‘to pour’ + suffix -a

Aga — ‘diadem’, ‘circlet’, ‘crown’ (NB in the UK, is also an expensive sort of cooker!)

Alad — ‘life force’, ‘male protective spirit’

Amagi  — ‘ice’

Amar — ‘calf’ and ‘young animal’. Amar occurs as an element in genuine Sumerian names, such as Amardamu

Anur — ‘horizon’

Anurash –  ‘heaven and earth'; ‘universe’ < an ‘sky’ + uraš ‘earth’, ‘loincloth’ and ‘secret’

Anusan — ‘evening’ < an ‘sky’ + usan ‘evening’

Arala, Arali — the Otherworld < hara ‘to pulverize’ + la ‘youthful freshness’, ‘beauty’

Ashme — ‘sparkle’, ‘glimmer’, ‘sundisk’, ‘star symbol’, ‘rosette’ <  ‘unique’ + me ‘function, power’

Ashte — ‘need’, ‘necessity’, ‘desirable/beloved object’ < áš ‘to speak’ + te ‘to approach’

Asila, Asilal — ‘joy’, ‘gladness’

Barzil — (meteoric) iron < bar ‘to shine’ + zil ‘to cut’, ‘to peel’

Dari — ‘long-lasting’, ‘enduring’, ‘eternal’

Darishe — ‘forever’ < Dari + šè ‘towards’

Eanna — ‘sanctuary’ < é ‘house’ + an ‘sky’ + suffix -a

Ensi — ‘dream-interpreter'; ‘city ruler’ < en ‘lord’ + si ‘plowland’

Esha — ‘emmer wheat flour’

Eshda — ‘ceremony’, ‘type of vessel’, ‘goblet’ < ‘shrine’ + da ‘with’, ‘to be near’

Esina, Isina — ‘stalk of barley’

Ezen – ‘festival’, ‘feast’

Gansis — ‘darkness’, ‘the netherworld’, ‘eclipse’

Ganzer  — ‘darkness'; ‘the netherworld’

Garanda — ‘bearing fruit’

Gazi — ‘spice’, specifically, ‘cassia’ < Akkadian kasu ‘let it breath’

Gizila — torch < gi ‘reeds’ + izi ‘fire’ + ‘to hold up’

Gula — ‘large’, ‘great’ — another name of the Goddess Bau

Hada – ‘dry’, ‘white’, ‘to shine brightly’ < ‘let it become’ + dág ‘brilliant’

Izila — ‘torch’, ‘to purify with fire’ < izi ‘fire’ + ‘to hold up’

Kash — ‘beer'; ‘urine'; ‘speed’, ‘runner’, ‘courier’, ‘messenger’, ‘quick’, ‘fluent’

Kashbar — ‘decision’

Keshda — ‘knot’, ‘taboo’, ‘inhibition'; ‘to bind’, ‘wrap’, ‘tie’, ‘harness'; ‘weir’ < ki ‘place’ + šita ‘to bind’

Kiri — ‘nose’, ‘muzzle’, ‘hyena'; ‘orchard’, ‘garden’, ‘palm grove'; ‘groom’ < ki ‘place’ + ru ‘to send forth shoots, buds or blossoms’

Kirizal — prosperity, splendor, splendid, wonderful; joy, prosperity < Kiri + zal ‘to shine’

Kizah — a sacred locality < ki ‘place’ + zàh ‘to hide’

Kuliana — ‘friend of heaven'; ‘dragonfly’ < kuli ‘friend’ + an ‘sky’ + suffix -a

Lagar — a temple servant who pronounces invocations

Lama — ‘awe-inspiring quality’ < la ‘abundance’ + me ‘function’, ‘power’

Lamma, Lama — a  female spirit of good fortune, tutelary genius < lam ‘to make to grow luxuriantly’ + suffix -a

Liliz — ‘drum’

Lu —  ‘man’

Lusilim —  ‘perfect man’ < lu ‘man’ + silim ‘good’, ‘healthy’

Maz, Maraz  — ‘exuberant’, ‘joyful’, ‘a female dancer’

Meshen/Meshenna — ‘battle’, ‘war’ < mè ‘battle’ + šen ‘copper implement’

Miri  — variant of mer ‘storm wind’, ‘violent storm’, ‘north wind'; ‘encircling snake’

Mul — ‘star’, ‘constellation’, ‘planet’, ‘meteor’

Mumu  —  ‘always being reborn’ (such as the moon) < mu ‘to ignite’/’sprout’

Mungazi — ‘powdered spices’ < mun ‘salt’ + gazi ‘cassia’

Muru —  ‘fog’, ‘mist’, ‘haze’ < mi ‘to be dark’ + ru ‘to flow’

Namen — ‘lordship’ < prefix nam + en ‘lord’

Namenzida — ‘true lordship’ < Namen + zid ‘true’ + suffix -a

Namerin — ‘solemn oath’, ‘curse’ < prefix nam + érin ‘enemy’, ‘destruction’

Nemur — ‘glowing coals’, ‘fire’

Nigkalla —  ‘precious’ < níg ‘thing’ + kal ‘to value’, ‘to esteem’ + suffix -a

Ninna — ‘owl’ < nin ‘lady’ + suffix -a — it has been suggested that the round, ghostly human-like face of the owl might be the origin of myths surrounding the female spirit lilitu — the Lilith of later times — interestingly reminiscent to Blodeuwedd.

Ninninna — ‘owl’ < nin ‘lady’ + Ninna

Ninurisa — lady’, ‘sweetheart’ < nin ‘lady’ + ursa ‘to be/make happy’

Shagina — ‘true heart'; ‘one’s nature’ < šà ‘true’ + gin ‘to strengthen’, ‘to make firm’

Shahulla  — ‘delight’ < šà ‘heart’ + húl ‘to rejoice’ + suffix -a

Shar — ‘totality’, ‘all’, ‘world’, ‘horizon’, ‘numerous’, ‘inumerable’

Shembi —  ‘kohl’, ‘antimony’

Shen —  ‘verdigris’, ‘clear’, ‘pure’, ‘polished’, ‘shiny’, ‘copper pan’, ‘vessel’, ‘mirror’

Shennur — ‘quince’ or ‘medlar’

Sherda —  ‘punishment’, ‘crime’, ‘blame’

Sherzi —  ‘shine’, ‘light’, ‘glimmer’ < šér ‘to shine brightly’

Shuba —  ‘agate’

Shuilla — ‘prayer’ < šu ‘hand’ íl ‘to raise’ + suffix -a

Shul, Sul —  ‘young man’, ‘warrior’, ‘invader’, ‘strong’, ‘heroic’, ‘proud’, ‘splendid’

Shulzi — ‘worthy young man’ < Shul + zi ‘true’

Sisig —  ‘whirlwind’

Siskur, Sizkur — offering, sacrifice with entreaties, prayers, rites < isiš ‘to weep’ + kur ‘to bring, deliver’

Suagina —  ‘regular/daily offering’ < šu ‘hand’ + gin ‘to strengthen’, ‘to make firm’ + suffix -a

Suen/Suena — ‘the moon’ < su ‘knowledge’ + en ‘time’

Tigi — ‘harp’ < ti life + gi ‘restore’

Tila — ‘life’

Uanna —  ‘light of the heavens’ < u ‘light’ + an ‘sky’ + suffix -a

Uga – ‘raven’

Ulsharra –  ‘jubilation’ ul ‘joy’ + šár ‘to multiply’ + suffix -a

Umma —  ‘crone/witch’  < um ‘old woman’ + ma ‘to bind’

Usan — ‘evening’

Uzalla —  ‘day’, ‘morning’, ‘dawn’ < u ‘day’ + zal ‘to flow, elapse’ + suffix -a

Zabar —  ‘bronze’

Zagin —  ‘lapis lazuli’

Zal —  ‘light’, ‘brightness'; ‘light before dawn’, ‘early morning’, ‘to shine’, ‘to purify’

Zami  —  ‘hymn of praise'; ‘lyre’

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Yesterday, I featured Sumerian names from the Temple School of Nippur. Today’s selection comes from a range of sources and dates, but all are still genuine Sumerian names. Some are known to have been in use over five thousand years ago.

Amare ♂ ♀ — ‘calf of the temple’ < amar ‘young animal’ and ‘calf’ + é ‘temple’.

Amarenzu ♂ ♀ — ‘calf of Enzu’ < amar + Enzu, another name of the moon God Nanna < en ‘lord’ + zu ‘wisdom’.

Amarezen ♂ ♀ — ‘calf of the festival’ < amar  + ezen ‘festival’, ‘feast’.

Amarkish ♂ ♀ — ‘calf of Kish’ < amar + Kish, the name of a Sumerian city < kiš ‘totality’ and ‘entire world’.

Amarsin ♂ ♀ — ‘calf of Sin’ < amar + Sin, another name of the moon God Nanna.

Baranamtarra ♂ ♀ – fate has been decreed for the king < bara ‘ruler’, ‘throne dais’, ‘dwelling’ + namtar  ‘to decree the fate’  + suffix ra.

Eulli ♂ ♀ —  ‘the temple into distant days’ (i.e. ‘may the temple last for a very, very long time!) < é ‘temple’ + ul-lí  ‘distant days’.

Lugalme ♂ ♀ – a name taken from an incantation:  lugal me galgal sag an šè ‘the king lifted up the great decrees unto heaven’.

Ninbaradari ♂ ♀ — ‘the queen is an everlasting dwelling’ < nin ‘lady’ and ‘queen’ + bara ‘ruler’, ‘throne dais’, ‘dwelling’ + darí ‘everlasting'; another name from an incantation.

Ninedinni ♂ ♀ — ‘the queen [has gone] to the plain of her own’ < nin ‘lady’ and ‘queen’ + edin ‘plain’ + ‘of her own’.

Ninshuel ♂ ♀ — ‘queen clean hands’ < nin + šu ‘hand’ + el ‘clean'; this is another name taken from a phrase in an incantation.

Urbau ♂ ♀ — ‘dog of Bau’ < ur ‘dog’ + Bau – a Sumerian Goddess (see Baunisheg in yesterday’s post).

Urnina ♂ ♀ — ‘dog of Nina’ < ur + Nina, a Sumerian Goddess identified with Ishtar.

Zimu ♂ ♀ — ‘my breath of life’ < zi ‘breath of life’, ‘soul’ + mu ‘my’.

Zimuandagal ♂ ♀ — ‘my soul is with Anu’ < zi ‘breath of life’  and ‘soul’ + mu ‘my’ + an ‘Anu’ + da-gal ‘to be with’.

Sadly, many Sumerian names are far too unwieldy for the tastes of most Westerners; some names comprised whole (and quite long!) sentences. But if you fancy a Sumerian name — and you have to admit, there’s a certain appeal about names from the earliest language ever to be written down — there are other options, which I’ll explore in future posts…

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Two Sumerian Warriors from the Royal Standard of Ur, c.2600-2400 BCE. Found at Ur by the British Archaeologist Leonard Woolley, it now resides in the British Musueum.

Let me take you to ancient Mesopotamia, to the roots of Civilization, and to the people who invented writing – the Sumerians…

Here is a selection of genuine Sumerian names which have not been included in the book. They all occur on clay tablets, dating from the early 2nd Millennium or earler, found in the Temple School of Nippur, an ancient and important Sumerian city.

Amardamu ♂ – ‘calf of Damu’ < amar ‘young animal’ and ‘calf’ + Damu. Damu is a variant of Damuzid, an older form of Dumuzi, known in later times as Tammuz. He is a God of new life, fertility, agriculture and vegetation in general. His annual ritual marriage with the Goddess Ishtar, and – later in the year – ritual death, funeral and resurrection were such major festivals in Babylon that Tammuz survives today as the name of a month in the Hebrew Calendar as well as to translate ‘July’ in some parts of the Arab world.

Aradegi ♂ – ‘servant of the princess’ < arad ‘servant’ + egi ‘princess’.

Aradlugal ♂ – ‘servant of the king’ < arad ‘servant’ + lugal ‘king’.

Bauninsheg ♂ ♀– ‘Bau is a favorite lady’ < Bau + nin ‘lady’ + sheg(a) ‘favorite’. Bau is one of the names of the Godess Ninisina ‘lady of (the city) Isin. She is also known as Ninkarrak, Gula and Ninnibru. She is a healing Goddess, with strong associations with dogs – hinting perhaps that the Sumerians held the common folk-belief throughout the ages that dog saliva had healing properties.

Elutil ♀– ‘the temple (which gives) life to man’ < é ‘house’ and ‘temple’ + ‘man’ + tìl ‘life’.

Gemekala ♀ – ‘strong woman’ < géme ‘woman’ + kala ‘strong’ and ‘swift’.

Gemenanna ♀– ‘woman of Nanna’ < géme ‘woman’ + Nanna. Nanna is a God of the Moon, and father of great Goddess Ishtar.

Gemeshega ♀– ‘favorite woman’ < géme ‘woman’ + sheg(a) ‘favorite’.

Ludari ♂ – ‘eternal man’ < ‘man’ + darí ‘eternal’.

Lunanna ♂ – ‘man of Nanna’ < ‘man’ + Nanna.

Luninni ♂ – ‘man of Ninni’ < ‘man’ + Ninni. Ninni is another name of the Goddess Ishtar.

Mageshgetil ♂ – ‘may he live for my sake’.

Meania ♂ ♀ – ‘oracle of Anu’ < me ‘oracle’ + Anu. Anu is the Sumerian sky-God, the supreme deity of the Sumerian pantheon.

Meduranki ♂ ♀ – ‘oracle of Duranki’. Duranki was a sacred precinct of the city of Nippur. Its name was also Sumerian < dur ‘bond’, ‘amulet’ and ‘umbilical cord’ + an ‘sky’ + ki ‘earth’.

Nigbau ♀ – ‘lioness of Bau’ < nig ‘lioness’ and ‘bitch’ + Bau.

Ninniursag ♂ ♀ – ‘Ninni is a heroine’ < Ninni + ur-sag ‘hero’ and ‘warrior’.

Nintuda ♀ – ‘child-bearing lady’ < nin ‘lady’ + tu ‘child’ + da ‘to beget’.

Sheshkala ♂ ♀ – ‘the brother is strong’ < shesh ‘brother’ + kala ‘strong’ and ‘swift’.

Urusilim ♂ ♀ – ‘city of peace’ < uru ‘city’ + silim ‘peace’.

More Sumerian names to follow!

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