Posted in Alternative Names, Baby Names, Divination, Druid Names, Heathen Names, Llewellyn's Complete Book of Names, Magical Names, Names, New Age Names, Pagan Names, Pagan-friendly, Paganism, Unusual Names, Wiccan Names, Witch Names, tagged Ansuz, Óss, Benedict, Benedicta, Campbell, Cato, Dev, El, Enigma, Eulalia, Fatua, Frodo, Geneva, Genoa, Keen, Metis, Ninkasi, Os, Panya, Phineas, Prophecy, Sage, Snotra, Sophia, Sophie, Sophocles, Thea, Theo, Yeshe, Zaqar on October 18, 2011 |
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Os is yet another Rune which ended up interpreted in different ways in the medieval period.
The form it takes in the various alphabets is as follows:
The Eldar Futhark has been reconstructed as *Ansuz “(a) God; this is the forerunner of the Anglo-Frisian Ós, Macromannic Óss and Younger Futhark Áss. So far so God — sorry, good.
However, in Old English os meant “mouth” while óss also carried the meaning “estuary.”
Hence this rune’s slightly bizarre duality exhibited in the ancient rune poems.
In one, its divinity is stressed.
In another, where the meaning “mouth” is understand, stress is placed on the mouth as the vehicle of language, and therefore of the transmission of wisdom, joy and happiness.
Lastly, the word is interpreted as meaning “estuary,” and thoughts turn on estuaries as places where journeys inland begin — with a curious comparison of swords and scabbards. Both rather carry the understanding of journeying inward, and returning home.
To those who use the runes today, one of Os’s principal associations is with the notion of journeying inward in order to communicate with the Divine within.
Estauries and Gods aren’t quite such separate entities as might initially be thought…
Emphasis is also placed on Os as a symbol of communication.
With the excpetion of Áss, I think Ansuz, Os and Oss all have interesting name potential. But there are many other interesting options to incorporate the spirit of this rune.
Hundreds — if not thousands — of names include an element meaning ” a God.”
- The Hebrew el — usually translated as “God” (i.e. the Judeo-Christian one) — originally meant “a God” and there’s no reason not to interpret it that way still. Among this vast source of names are well-known favorites such as Daniel, Elijah, Gabriel, Joel, Michael, Nathaniel and Samuel as well as biblical oldies which are increasingly dug out of the grandfather’s chest, such as Eleazar, Elihu, Lemuel, Ozias, Raphael, and Reuel, and rarities like Abdiel, Gamaliel, Jophiel, Mahalalel, Mehetabel, Othniel and Uriel.
- The Greek theos also meant “a God” rather than “God” in Pagan times. Names which feature it include well-known classics such as Dorothy, Thea, Theo, Theodora, Theodore, Theophilus, Tiffany, Timothy, and lesser known glories such as Panthea, Theano, Theoclea, Theona and Theoxena.
- Likewise, the Roman deus was used in Pagan times to mean “a God” and “God” from the Christian period. Names which feature it include Amadeus and Deodatus.
- The Sanskrit dev “a God” is also cognate withtheos and deus. In India, Dev (feminine: Devi) is used as a name in its own right, as well as featuring in compounds like Devdan and Devdas.
- Old English god “a God” originally, as well as “God”, just like all the others. Names which feature it include Godbert, Godfrey, Godiva, Godric, Godwin and Goodeth.
- Our feature Os was also popular in Anglo-Saxon names: Osbert, Osborn, Osgar, Osmund, Oswin and Osyth.
- Its Norse cognate Áss was equally popular: Ásbjorn, Ásgeirr, Ásketil and Astrid.
As for the Rune’s other associations, here ‘s just a small selection of other options:
- Benedict ♂ — Latin bene “well” and dico “to speak”; usually translated as “blessed.” Fem: Benedicta.
- Campbell ♂ ♀ — Anglicized form of the Gaelic Caimbeul “crooked mouth.”
- Cato ♂ — Latin catus “wise” and “clear-sighted.”
- Enigma ♀ — the origin of “enigma” is the Greek ainissomai “to speak in riddles.”
- Eulalia ♀ — a name of Greek origin, meaning “sweetly-speaking.”
- Fatua ♀ — the name of a Roman Goddess; her name means “speaking by inspiration” from fatuor “to be inspired.”
- Frodo ♂ — Old Norse fróðr “wise.”
- Geneva ♀ — the name of this Swiss city may derive from a Common Celtic word meaning “mouth” and “estuary.” The Italian city of Genoa may share the same source.
- Keen ♂ ♀ — in the eleventh century, keen meant “wise,” “learned,” “powerful” and “strong.”
- Metis ♀ — one of the Titans, Goddess of wisdom, and mother of Athena. Greek: mêtis “good advice” and “widsom.”
- Ninkasi ♀ — the Sumerian Goddess of beer and brewing; her name means “the lady [who] fills the mouth up.”
- Panya ♀ — Thai name meaning “knowledge” and “widsom.”
- Phineas, Phinehas ♂ — one interpretation of this ancient name derives it from the Hebrew for “mouth” and either “serpent” or “oracle.”
- Prophecy ♀ ♂ — derives from the Greek: prophêteia “prophecy” from pro “before” + -phêtês “speaker.”
- Sage ♀ ♂ — “sage” meaning “wise” derives ultimately from the Latin sapio “to be wise.”
- Snotra ♀ — the Norse Goddess of Wisdom; Old Norse snotr “wise.”
- Sophia, Sophie ♀ — Greek sophia “wisdom.”
- Sophocles ♂ — a famous Greek playwright, whose name means “wise-glory.”
- Yeshe ♂ ♀ — Tibetan name meaning “wisdom.”
- Zaqar ♂ — the Mesopotamian God of dreams, and messenger of the moon-God Sin; his name comes from the Akkadian for “to speak.”
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Posted in Alternative Names, Baby Names, Divination, Druid Names, Heathen Names, Llewellyn's Complete Book of Names, Magical Names, Names, New Age Names, Pagan Names, Pagan-friendly, Paganism, Unisex Names, Unusual Names, Wiccan Names, Witch Names, tagged Acacia, Acer, Acis, Alexander, Andrew, Ara, Arrow, Épée, Blade, Clarimonde, Dagger, Dart, Deianira, Devlin, Dirk, Edmund, Eryma, Esmond, Faramond, Garmon, Gillebhràth, Gunnora, Lance, Liv, Montacute, Montagu, Monty, Mugain, Osmond, Oxys, Persephone, Perseus, Pierce, Raymond, Rosamund, Saber, Scimitar, Sharp, Sigmund, Spike, Thormund, Thorn, Thurisaz, Tulle, Vör, Yashpal on October 4, 2011 |
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Thorn is the third letter of the Runic alphabet.
Like Ur, Thorn has a split-personality, with the different Futharks parting ways. The Eldar Futhark *þurisaz and Younger Futharks þurs mean “giant”, while the Anglo-Frisian and Marcomannic connect it with the Old English þorn “thorn.”
Interestingly, þyrs — the Old English equivalent of þurs — was in use throughout the Anglo-Saxon period and passed into Middle English as “thurse,” with the meaning “demon,” “devil” and “goblin.” Why, then, the Anglo-Frisian rune mutated to Thorn is unknown.
In the runic poems, Thorn’s giant and thorny attributes are focused on. The giants do not have a good reputation when it comes to treating women, it seems, while the focus on the thorn is, predictably, on its sharpness, readiness to wound and the discomfort of sitting on one.
Emphasis by modern diviners varies, depending on which Futhark is preferred. Those using the Eldar — and thus *Thurisaz — see it as symbolic of both destruction and protection, conflict and cleansing. It is a strongly masculine rune, of masculine energy and fertility.
As for Thorn itself, its sharpness too is equated with destruction and defense. It can also serve as a warning, or represent an obstacle — a “thorn in the side” which needs to be addressed.
The negative aspects of both are pretty self-evident too; brutality, severity, pain, malice, curses, and so on and so forth.
As a name, Thurisaz certainly has zing — a distinct conversation starter, whether you like it or not.
The rune’s defensive associations mean that a number of the names which work well for Ur also work for Thorn. But here are some other names with meanings in tune with the rune’s associations of protection, cleansing, masculinity, sharpness and destruction:
- Acacia ♀ — Australia’s national plant; most acacias are thorny. Greek: akis “sharp point.”
- Acer ♂ ♀ — Botanical name for “maple.” Latin: acer “sharp.”
- Acis ♂ — a character of Greek mythology. Greek: acis “sharp point.”
- Alexander ♂ — Greek: alexandros “defending men.”
- Andrew ♂ — Greek: andreios “manly.”
- Arrow ♂ ♀
- Ara ♀ — Latin “altar,” but also used by the Romans to mean “refuge” and “protection,” while ara in Greek means “vow” and “curse.”
- Blade ♂
- Clarimond(e) ♀ — Latin: clarus “clear” + Old German: munda “protection.”
- Dagger ♂
- Dart ♂
- Deianira ♀ — the name of the wife of Hercules. Greek: dêioô “to destroy” + anêr “man.”
- Devlin ♂ — Anglicized form of Irish surname Ó Dobhaileín “descendant of Dobhailen.” Dobhailen is probably a byname deriving from dobhaidhail “boisterous,” “destructive” and “terrible” + the diminutive suffix -án.
- Dirk ♂ – a type of dagger.
- Edmund ♂ — Old English: ēad “rich” + mund “protection.”
- Épée ♀ — a fencing foil.
- Esmond ♂ — Old English: ēast “grace” and “favor” + mund “protection.”
- Eryma ♀ — an epithet of Athene. Greek: eruma “defense.”
- Faramond ♂ — Old German: fara ‘journey’ + munda ‘protection’.
- Garmon ♂ — English surname from Old English name Garmund: gār “spear” + mund “protection.”
- Gillebhràth ♂ — Old Scots Gaelic name. Gaelic: gille “servant” + bràth “judgment” and “destruction.”
- Gunnora ♀ — Latinized form of Old Norse Gunnvǫr “war defense.”
- Lance ♂
- Liv ♀ — Scandinavian name from Old Norse: hlíf “cover” and “protection.”
- Montagu(e), Montacute ♂ — English surname, from Montaigu-le-Bois in France. OF: mont ‘hill’ + aigu ‘point’. Popularly shortened to Monty.
- Mugain ♀ — the name of an Irish Goddess, which possibly derives from the Old Irish: múgha “perishing” — in Scots Gaelic it carries the meaning “destruction.”
- Osmond ♂ – Old English: ōs “(a) God” + mund “protection.”
- Oxys ♂ — an epithet of Ares. Greek: oxus “sharp” and “piercing.”
- Persephone ♀ — the Queen of the Underworld in Greek mythology. Greek: perthô “to destroy” + phonos “slaughter” or “slayer.”
- Perseus ♂ — the well-known Greek hero. Greek: perthô “to destroy.”
- Pierce ♂ — technically, the name derives from Peter, but this version is obviously identical to “pierce.”
- Raymond ♂ — Old German: regin “counsel” or “might” + munda “protection.”
- Rosamund ♀ — Old German (hros) “horse” + munda “protection.”
- Saber, Sabre ♂ ♀
- Scimitar ♂
- Sharp ♂ ♀
- Sigmund ♂ — Old English sige “victory” + mund “protection.”
- Spike ♂
- Thormund ♂ — Old Norse theonym Thor + Old English: mund “protection.”
- Tulle ♀ — the fabric takes its name from a French town, deriving from Latin: tutela “watching” and “protection.”
- Vör ♀ — Norse Goddess, whose name probably meant “defense” and “protection.”
- Yashpal ♂– Indian name, from the Sanskrit yasha “fame” + pāla “protector.”
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Posted in Alternative Names, Alternative Spirituality, Baby Names, Divination, Druid Names, Germanic Names, Heathen Names, Heathenism, Llewellyn's Complete Book of Names, Magical Names, Names, New Age Names, Pagan Names, Pagan-friendly, Paganism, Unusual Names, Wiccan Names, Witch Names, tagged Adeola, Aston, Chance, Eadstan, Ede, Edith, Edmund, Edward, Edwin, Fay, Fé, Fee, Felicitas, Felicity, Felix, Fiona, Fortuna, Fortuné, Gad, Otto, Plutarch, Siddhartha, Soraya, Tomiko on September 20, 2011 |
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Following on from my article on the Runes a couple of weeks ago, today sees the first article in a new series on the Runes and the possibilities they present when seeking a name, especially a Pagan name.
Let us start at the very beginning — a very good place to start!
The first letter of the runic alphabets is F:
*Fehu meant ‘wealth’ and ‘cattle’, and is the ultimate source of modern English fee, which still carried the sense of ‘cattle’ as late as the 16th Century. Wild fee was an old term meaning ‘deer’.
This connection between cattle and wealth runs very deep in the Indo-European consciousness — the parallel can also be found in Latin with pecu ‘cattle’ and pecunia ‘money’, while the association of wealth and cattle in pre-Christian Ireland is behind one of the most famous of all Old Irish literature, the Táin Bó Cúailnge ‘Cattle Raid of Cooley’.
Interestingly, in the runic poems about Feoh, emphasis is laid on wealth as a source of strife, and how there are always those waiting for an opportunity to steal it — as well as the need to be generous.
Naturally then, when reading Runes today, Feoh is associated with material good fortune — but doesn’t loose sight of the sting in the tail — material wealth can be lost, as well as gained.
It also carries other meanings through association — good luck, success — even happiness. Some consider it too to signify fertility, creativity, and the need for perseverance and to exert oneself to achieve your potential.
As a name, Feoh, Fehc and Fehu are probably so ‘way out there’ that they would be in orbit (true of a lot of the names of the Runes were they to be used as they are!). But Fé and Fee have very interesting possibilities…
In Portuguese, fé means ‘faith’. While fée is the French for ‘fairy’, the source of English Fay.
Fee itself is commonly found as a short form of Fiona and Felicity.
There are also plenty of names which reflect Feoh’s extended meanings relating to wealth, good fortune, success and happiness. My picks from around the world are:
- Adeola — Yoruba meaning “crown of wealth.”
- Aston — English surname of various origins, including the Old English personal name Eadstan < ēad “rich” + stan “stone.”
- Chance — surname and word of obvious meaning!
- Ede – From Old English ēad “rich” and “happy”; used as a personal name in its own right in medieval times, as well as featuring in many compound names, such as Edith, Edmund, Edward, Edwin, etc.
- Felicity — from Latin felicitas “happiness.” Felicitas is the Roman personification of happiness and good fortune.
- Felix — Latin meaning, among many other things, “fortunate” and “happy.”
- Fortuna — Latin: fortuna “fortune,” “fate,” “chance,” and “luck” — personified as a Goddess.
- Fortuné — See Mer de Nom’s great critique here!
- Gad – Hebrew: gad “fortune.” There is also a Mesopotamian God called Gad, whose name is from the same Semitic root.
- Otto — from the Old German: uod “wealth” and “riches” (cognate with the Old English ēad).
- Plutarch — Greek: ploutos “wealth” + arkhos “leader.” The name of a famous Pagan Greek historian.
- Siddharth — Sanskrit: siddhārtha “one whose goal has been achieved” — the birth name of the Buddha.
- Soraya — Persian name from Arabic thuriyyah “rich” and thuriyya “wealthy” (also Persian name for the Pleiades).
- Tomiko — Japanese tomi “riches,” “wealth,” and “fortune” + ko “child.”
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